Unravelling sex-specific BPA toxicokinetics in children using a pediatric PBPK model

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Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely known endocrine disruptor (ED) found in many children’s products such as toys, feeding utensils, and teething rings. Recent epidemiology association studies have shown postnatal BPA exposure resulted in developing various diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and neurodegeneration, etc., later in their lives. However, little is known about its sex-specific metabolism and consequently internal exposure. The aim of this study was to develop a sex-specific pediatric physiologically based pharmacokinetic model (PBPK) for BPA to compare their toxicokinetic differences. First, the published adult PBPK model was re-validated, and then this model was extended by interpolation to incorporate pediatric sex specific physiological and biochemical parameters. We used both the classical body weight and ontogeny-based scaling approach to interpolate the metabolic process. Then, the pharmacokinetic attributes of the models using the two-scaling approach mentioned above were compared with adult model. Further, a sex-specific PBPK model with an ontogeny scaling approach was preferred to evaluate the pharmacokinetic differences. Moreover, this model was used to reconstruct the BPA exposure from two cohorts (Helix and PBAT Cohort) from 7 EU countries. The half-life of BPA was found to be almost the same in boys and girls at the same exposure levels. Our model estimated BPA children’s exposure to be about 1500 times higher than the tolerable daily intake (TDI) recently set by European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) i.e., 0.04 ng/kg BW/day. The model demonstrated feasibility of extending the adult PBPK to sex-specific pediatric, thus investigate a gender-specific health risk assessment.

References: Deepika Deepika, Raju Prasad Sharma, Marta Schuhmacher, Amrit Kaur Sakhi, Cathrine Thomsen, Leda Chatzi, Marina Vafeiadi, Joane Quentin, Remy Slama, Regina Grazuleviciene, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Dagmar Waiblinger, John Wright, Tiffany C. Yang, Jose Urquiza, Martine Vrijheid, Maribel Casas, José L. Domingo, Vikas Kumar. Unravelling sex-specific BPA toxicokinetics in children using a pediatric PBPK model. Environmental Research. Volume 215, Part 1. 2022.

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Deepika Deepika, Raju Prasad Sharma, Marta Schuhmacher, Amrit Kaur Sakhi, Cathrine Thomsen, Leda Chatzi, Marina Vafeiadi, Joane Quentin, Remy Slama, Regina Grazuleviciene, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Dagmar Waiblinger, John Wright, Tiffany C. Yang, Jose Urquiza, Martine Vrijheid, Maribel Casas, José L. Domingo, Vikas Kumar

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